Snow and Avalanche Center 2002-03 Accident Summary for France

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Killer Powder

A summary of French Backcountry Winter Sports Accidents for the 2003 Season

They may be a clichés amongst experienced winter sports enthusiasts but avalanches have no respect for experience and nothing kills like fresh powder. However this message is still not getting through to some backcountry users in France.

The 2002-2003 season started with considerable snowfall early in December, which enabled many high altitude ski resorts to open their doors early. This snow also brought the first deaths in a particularly black weekend as ski tourists took advantage of the conditions. December was warm and wet but was followed by a very wintry January and February in all areas of France. This period also saw a peak in avalanche accidents. In comparison with previous years, the end of the season was characterised by a long period of mild, dry weather and stable snow conditions, with only a single fatal accident late in the season at La Grave, that of well respected German high-mountain guide Philip Jaerschky. The overall number of deaths due to avalanches was slightly lower than previous years.

The excellent conditions saw a democratisation in avalanche deaths normally associated with the high mountains of the Pyrenees and Alps with only the Jura range being spared. There were a total of 19 deaths in Alps, 2 in the Massif Central, 2 in the Pyrenees and 1 in the Vosges. The Hautes-Alpes department in South East France was particularly badly hit with 8 avalanche deaths, at one time more than the number of fatal road traffic accidents. The Pyrenees figure was low considering the bumper snowfall in the region although two people were lucky to escape with their lives in La Mongie when a chalet and car-park were hit by an avalanche. Prefects (State Governors) in the region had been particularly vigilant in restricting travel in the mountains during periods of high avalanche risk, a controversial move amongst people earning their living from winter sports tourism.

Of the 24 killed by avalanches, 14 had some experience of the backcountry, ranging from Mountain Guides to residents of ski resorts. The vast majority of victims were French. 10 of the dead were ski tourists all of whom were equipped with rescue gear including avalanche beacons, snow shovels and probes. 9 were off-piste skiers, 6 of whom were skiing close to the ski slopes. 1 death involved the increasingly popular activity of snowshoeing and there was a very rare cross-country ski fatality in the Massif-Central region. 3 of the 4 snowshoe fatalities were related to cornice collapses with the remaining death attributed to a cliff fall. Cornices are overhanging snow structures that form on ridges due to wind. They are extremely dangerous to approach.

Of the non-avalanche fatalities two were caused by hypothermia after the victims spent a night in the open having become disoriented. This reinforces the need to carry survival gear, food and to be familiar with the terrain and be able to navigate in all weather conditions. A skier was killed in Flaine after falling into the notorious fissures found in the off-piste sector. The off-piste incidents highlight the dangers lurking close to the pistes and the need to consult professionals in the resort.

At least four of the fatalities involved people traveling alone. Particularly sad was the death of experienced ski tourist Jean-Pierre Etienne who died after a fall on the Corsican Haute-Route. His shepherd dog Lola remained faithfully at his side for over a week and alerted rescue workers searching the mountains.

On a happier note six snowboarders, missing on Mont Rosset opposite the ski resort of La Plagne were found alive after spending 3 nights in deplorable weather conditions. Although not particularly well equipped they used their experience of the mountains to build a shelter and ration their food until help arrived. They were then promptly served with a bill for their rescue costs under a recent French law. With helicopter time running at 45 ^À a minute this is a sobering thought for the uninsured. is the Number 1 English language web-site for backcountry skiing and snowboarding in France. Accident reports and vital safety information can be found on the site.

For further details see:

David George

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