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Glossary Index

Avalanche Institute


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Pendular Regime


Snow containing less than 14 percent liquid water in its pore volume.

When the water content is this low the water is trapped in rings around the contact points of grains, called pendular rings. When the water content increases to the point where all of the water can no longer be held in these rings by capillary pressure the snow is said to be in the Funicular Regime.

These terms are also used in subsurface hydrology and petroleum engineering to describe the water content of soil or the distribution of oil in soils.

This glossary is a work in progress and is made possible by AlpenPro.